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Information about Uzbekistan:
   
Tashkent
Short review of Tashkent
Sights of Tashkent
Samarkand
Short review of Samarkand
Sights of Samarkand
Bukhara
Short review of Bukhara
Historical Background of Bukhara
Sights of Bukhara
Khiva
Short review of Khiva
Sights of Khiva
Ferghana Valley
Short review
Historical Background
Outstanding people of Ferghana
Short review of Kokand
Short review of Margilan
Short review of Kuva
Short review of Kokand
Outstanding people of Kokand
Short review of Namangan
Architecture and monuments Namangan
Outstanding people of Namangan
Ancient settlement of Akhsikent
Short review of Chust
Architecture and monuments of Andijan
Short review of Ancient settlement of Akhsikent
Short review of Ancient settlement of Akhsikent
Short review of Ancient settlement of Akhsikent
Short review of Ancient settlement of Akhsikent
Ancient Khorezm
Fortress Toprak-Kala (2-3 cc.), (4-6 cc.)
Fortress Ayaz-Kala (4-2 cc. BC)
Koy-Kyrylgan Kala, fortress and temple
Fortress of Kyrk-Kyz Kala (1-2 cc., 12-13 cc. A.D.)
Ancient civilization of thousand fortresses
Lost Khorezm
Karakalpakstan
Site of ancient settlement Mizdahkan
Nuratau-Kyzylkum Biosphere Reserve
Natural environment
Ecological and ethnographic tourism
Climate
People and social environment
Rules of Ecotourism
Traditions
Wedding traditions in Bukhara
Wedding traditions in Samarkand
 

People and social environment in the territory of Nuratau-Kyzylkum Biosphere Reserve

Nomadic Turkic people lived here before the heyday of the Great Silk Road. Later Tajiks have settled in this region and are making up the majority of the population at the present time. The orchards, groves of walnut and mulberry trees are situated along neatly lined up irrigation ditches, making cultural landscape, preserved more than one hundred years.

Keeping large and small cattle, sheep and silkworm breeding, along with moderate gardening and agriculture since ancient times have been an integral part of this mountain region. For many centuries caravans had been moving through the region. Hence this route was an integral part of the Great Silk Road.

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the subsequent loss of jobs, as well as cash assistance, population of the region are desperately struggling with a dramatic rise of unemployment.

Project of the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan, UNDP and the GEF "Establishment of Nuratau-Kyzylkum Biosphere Reserve as a model for biodiversity preservation in Uzbekistan", deals with the development of ecotourism in the region, demonstrating to the people about alternative sources of income, which contributes to improvement of people conditions and is an incentive for nature preservation.