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Information about Uzbekistan:
   
Tashkent
Short review of Tashkent
Sights of Tashkent
Samarkand
Short review of Samarkand
Sights of Samarkand
Bukhara
Short review of Bukhara
Historical Background of Bukhara
Sights of Bukhara
Khiva
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Sights of Khiva
Ferghana Valley
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Historical Background
Outstanding people of Ferghana
Short review of Kokand
Short review of Margilan
Short review of Kuva
Short review of Kokand
Outstanding people of Kokand
Short review of Namangan
Architecture and monuments Namangan
Outstanding people of Namangan
Ancient settlement of Akhsikent
Short review of Chust
Architecture and monuments of Andijan
Short review of Ancient settlement of Akhsikent
Short review of Ancient settlement of Akhsikent
Short review of Ancient settlement of Akhsikent
Short review of Ancient settlement of Akhsikent
Ancient Khorezm
Fortress Toprak-Kala (2-3 cc.), (4-6 cc.)
Fortress Ayaz-Kala (4-2 cc. BC)
Koy-Kyrylgan Kala, fortress and temple
Fortress of Kyrk-Kyz Kala (1-2 cc., 12-13 cc. A.D.)
Ancient civilization of thousand fortresses
Lost Khorezm
Karakalpakstan
Site of ancient settlement Mizdahkan
Nuratau-Kyzylkum Biosphere Reserve
Natural environment
Ecological and ethnographic tourism
Climate
People and social environment
Rules of Ecotourism
Traditions
Wedding traditions in Bukhara
Wedding traditions in Samarkand
 

Nuratau-Kyzylkum Biosphere Reserve

Natural environment

Nurata mountains extend for a distance approximately equal to 180 km, their less branched ridge is located to the north of Samarkand, and lies parallel Aydarkul Lake.

This is the last refuge of Severtsov wild sheep (Ovis ammon severtzovi) in whole world. Only this fact already indicates the international significance of this territory.

The heart of the mountain range is Nurata Reserve, founded in the mid 70's in order to protect sheep Severtsov.

Carakul sheep breeding is developed in the piedmont plain and the surrounding of Kyzyl-Kum desert.

Aydarkul Lake is used in hunting and fishing purposes. There is Arnasay sanctuary, where nesting and migratory waterfowl are protected.

Due to its geographical position and history of the formation of the fauna, the territory of Nuratau-Kyzylkum biosphere reserve features a large variety of species and varieties of animals.

The presence of mountain and desert landscapes, with their inherent natural conditions and vegetation, has identified the presence of specific fauna.

Elements of these landscapes penetrate into each other and form a complex mosaic of habitats. Each unique landscape is characterized by specific biodiversity.

Valley of Nuratau is a beautiful oasis, that feature the special variety of flora and fauna. As a result of centuries-old gardening of the local population here there formed a unique cultural landscape - "forest-gardens" of walnut, mulberry, apricot, cherry, plum, pear, apple, sycamore east, white poplar and others.


On the mountain slopes such kinds of trees, as Zeravshan spruce, pistachio, rhineberry, maple, apple, pontic hawthorn , Celtis caucasica, etc.

In deciduous forests of Nurata mountains you can meet mass of variety of birds such as golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus), southern nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos), Spotted (Muscicapa striata) and Paradise (Terpsiphone paradisi) Flycatcher, Bukharan tit (Parus bocharensis), gray-haired goldfinch (Carduelis caniceps ), and many others.

Rock arrays are a nesting place of a number of birds: the black stork (Ciconia nigra), Bearded Valture (Gypaetus barbatus), Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus), Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus), Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), Saker falcon ( Falco cherrug), steppe (Falco naumanni) and ordinary (Falco tinnunculus) Kestrel, Little Swift (Apus affinus), cliff swallows (Ptyonoprogne rupestris), variegated (Monticola saxatilis) and blue (Monticola solitarius) Rock Thrush, kamenka (Oenanthe plenshanka) and Chukar Partridge (Alektoris chukar).

Typical mammals of this type of habitat are a stone marten (Martes foina), porcupine (Hystrix indica). Different species of bats inhabited in caves and holes. Severtsova sheep (Ovis ammon severtzovi) use rocky slopes and scree for rest and feeding.

Sandy Desert with herbaceous vegetation is a stopping place for migratory birds (spring-autumn). Here there is observed the annual mass gatherings of demoiselle (Anthropoides virgo), bustard (Otis tarda), little bustard (Otis tetrax), houbara bustard (Chlamydotis undulata), black vulture (Aegypius monachus), Sandgrouse Black (Pterocles orientalis).

In the sandy desert, you can meet rear, a small number of reptiles such as: Desert monitor (Varanus griseus), Central Asian tortoise (Testudo horsfieldi), plate-tailed gecko (Terratoscincus scincus), Asian Ablepharous (Ablepharus pannonicus).

Aydarkul and Tuzkan Lakes are the largest in the region habitat of more than 100 species of waterbirds. Among them 11 species are included in the International Red Data Book of IUCN: Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus), pygmy cormorant (Phalacrocoraх pygmaeus), red-breasted goose (Rufibrenta ruficollis), lesser white-fronted goose (Anser erytropus), Ferruginous Pochard (Netta nyroca), Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus), Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heIiasa), white-dolgohvost (Haliaetus leucoryphus), white-tailed eagle (Haliaetus albicilla), black vulture (Aegypius monachus), krechetka (Chettusia gregaria).

Besides birds there are a rich variety of mammals on the territory. The territory of Nuratau-Kyzylkum biosphere reserve is inhabited by about 40% registered in Uzbekistan of this class.

The vast majority of species are native. To the number of the mammals in Nurata region followings belong: wolf (Canis lupus), jackal (Canis aureus), fox (Vulpes vulpes), corsac (Vulpes corsak), muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus), the Central Asian wild boar (Sus scrofa), etc.

Thus, the unique fauna of Nuratau-Kyzylkum Biosphere Reserve features richness and originality of the mountain and desert species of vertebrates and invertebrates. This essential component of the region's biodiversity is of great ecological and economic importance and represents a valuable resource potential.